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Ovarian Cysts

What is an ovarian cyst?

An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid or other tissue that forms in or on an ovary. Ovarian cysts are very common. They can occur during the childbearing years or after menopause. Most ovarian cysts are benign (not cancer) and go away on their own without treatment. Rarely, a cyst may be malignant (cancer)

What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?

In most cases, cysts do not cause symptoms. Many are found during a routine pelvic exam or imaging test done for another reason. Some cysts may cause a dull or sharp ache in the abdomen and pain during certain activities. Larger cysts may cause twisting of the ovary. This twisting usually causes pain on one side that comes and goes or can start suddenly. Cysts that bleed or burst also may cause sudden, severe pain.

How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

If Dr. Gueye thinks that you may have a cyst, the following tests may be recommended to find out more information:

  • Ultrasound exam

  • Blood tests—You may have a blood test that measures the level of a substance called CA 125 depending on your age and risk factors. 

How are ovarian cysts treated?

There are several treatment options for cysts. Choosing an option depends on the type of cyst and other factors. Treatment options include watchful waiting and if the cyst is large or causing symptoms, surgery.

Gynecology and Medical Spa in Columbia, MD 
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